New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment ‘Tricks’ Immune System

  An experimental treatment that involves injecting multiple-sclerosis (MS) patients with their own white blood cells has been shown to be safe, according to a new study. The study also provided some evidence that the treatment was effective in modifying the immune system. MS arises when a person’s immune system attacks myelin, the insulating sheath … Continue reading

Coronavirus

The new virus emerged in 2012 A patient infected with the novel coronavirus has died in France, according to the health ministry. The virus, which is similar to those which cause Sars and the common cold, emerged last year. Out of 44 confirmed cases around the world, 23 people have now died with most infections … Continue reading

Steroid cover for dental patients on long-term steroid medication: proposed clinical guidelines based upon a critical review of the literature

  Glucocorticoids were first introduced in the 1940s and have become a widely pre-scribed class of drugs. Subsequently, con-cern developed regarding the potential of exogenous steroids to suppress normaladrenal gland function. This resulted in development of recommendations for additional glucocorticoid supplementation, or ‘steroid cover’, for management of patients undergoing stressful situations such as surgery or … Continue reading

Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures 2013

Hospital ‘superbug’ – ”carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae” (CPE)

  Sleep Walking in Super bug Crisis   Doctors are unsure how many patients have been killed by carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae. Hospitals in England are not required to officially report infections of a “superbug” capable of resisting our most powerful antibiotics, a BBC investigation has found. Cases of “carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae” (CPE) have shown a sharp rise. … Continue reading

Hand in Diagnosis

Clubbing In medicine, nail clubbing (also known as drumstick fingers and watch-glass nails) is a deformity of the fingers and fingernails associated with a number of diseases, mostly of the heart and lungs. Hippocrates was probably the first to document clubbing as a sign of disease, and the phenomenon is therefore occasionally called Hippocratic fingers. … Continue reading

What’s In A Flu Name? Hs And Ns Tell A Tale

In biology, you can’t get much simpler than viruses. They stick onto cells, pop open and then dump their genes inside to reproduce. But the naming of viruses isn’t so easy to follow. There’s the new H7N9 spreading through China. And H5N1 is popping up in Southeast Asia. Last summer, H3N2 sickened dozens of people … Continue reading

Blood–brain barrier (BBB) – separation of circulating blood from BECF in CNS

The blood–brain barrier (BBB) is a separation of circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid (BECF) in the central nervous system (CNS). It occurs along all capillaries and consists of tight junctions around the capillaries that do not exist in normal circulation. Endothelial cells restrict the diffusion of microscopic objects (e.g., bacteria) and large or hydrophilic … Continue reading

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